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汉代玉勾联云纹璧

汉代玉勾联云纹璧

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汉代玉勾联云纹璧
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  • 地  区:
    四川-成都-其他
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我国玉文化沉积蕴涵了深厚的炎黄传统文化,是中华文化的一个重要组成部分。以玉器为载体的玉文化,深刻地反映和影响了中国人传统的思想观念并深入到人们的日常生活。收藏和鉴别古玉璧,一定要切实掌握其在不同历史时期的不同风格特征。

古玉中礼玉占有非常重要的位置。按照古人万物皆有灵性的观念,认为美石——玉是山川的精华,上天恩赐的宝物,具有沟通天地鬼神的灵性。成书于战国末期的《周礼》把壁、琮、圭、璋、琥、璜等玉器作为“六器”、“六瑞”。实际上玉礼器出现相当早。良渚文化中就出现大量玉琮、玉璧,数量之繁多,制作之精美,后来的历朝历代只能望其项背。

玉璧,是一种中央有穿孔的扁平状圆形玉器。穿孔称作“好”,边缘器体称作“肉”。《尔雅·释器》“肉倍好谓之壁,好倍肉谓之瑗,肉好若一谓之环”。一般把体形扁平、周边圆形、中央有孔且边大孔小的器物称为壁。考古发现,玉璧最早产生于距今约5、6千年前的新石器时代,一直到清朝,都有不同形制和纹饰的玉璧出现。玉璧的应用范围也极为广泛,既是权力等级的标志,也可用于佩戴,亦能作为随葬品,同时又是社会交往中的馈赠品或信物。

The deposition of Chinese jade culture contains the profound traditional culture of Yan and Huang dynasty, which is an important part of Chinese culture. The jade culture, which takes jade as the carrier, deeply reflects and influences the traditional Chinese thoughts and concepts and goes deep into People's Daily life. Collection and identification of ancient jade, it is necessary to grasp the different characteristics of its different styles in different historical periods.

In ancient jade, ritual jade occupies a very important position. According to the ancients everything has the idea of spirituality, that the beauty of stone - jade is the essence of mountains and rivers, god-given treasures, with the communication of heaven and earth ghosts and gods of spirituality. The Rites of Zhou, written at the end of the Warring States Period, used jade wares such as the wall, cong, GUI, zhang, hu and Huang as the "six instruments" and "six rui". Actually jade ritual vessels appeared quite early. The liangzhu culture produced a large number of jade cong and jade bi, which were so numerous and exquisite that later dynasties could only match them.

Jade is a flat round piece of jade with a hole in the center. The perforation is called "good" and the limbic body is called "meat". "Erya · release device" "the meat is better than the wall, the meat is reflected, if a ring of good meat." Generally the body is flat, the periphery is round, the central hole and the side hole is small utensils called the wall. Archaeological findings show that jade was first produced in the Neolithic Age about 5 to 6 thousand years ago. Until the Qing Dynasty, there were different forms and patterns of jade. Jade is also widely used, which is not only a sign of power level, but also can be used for wearing, as funerary goods, and at the same time, it is also a gift or token in social communication.

 

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