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民国二年四川铜币军政府造壹百文:民国二年四川造币厂造200文双旗币

民国二年四川铜币军政府造壹百文:民国二年四川造币厂造200文双旗币

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民国二年四川铜币军政府造壹百文:民国二年四川造币厂造200文双旗币

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“军政府造四川铜币”是辛亥革命时期的产物。1911年12月发生“成都兵变”,以尹昌衡、罗纶为正副都督的四川军政府取代了成立仅12天的大汉四川军政府。新的四川军政府成立之初即面临着需用日繁、度支日绌的财政困窘局面。军政府迅速接管了四川成都造币厂,决定铸造“四川铜币”以应急。民国元年(1912年)4月,四川成都造币厂奉四川军政府之命,开模铸造“军政府造四川铜币”(也称“汉”字铜元)。

民国二年军政府造四川铜币,铜币正面中央珠圈内有“四川铜币”四字,上下左右分列,其中心饰有芙蓉花纹。珠圈上缘书“军政府造”四字,下缘为“当制钱壹百文”字样,标明币值,左右饰以花星纹饰。铜币背面中央大圆圈内为一篆书“汉”字,“汉”字底有数十条横直纹,因而钱币收藏者也称之为“汉”字铜元。“汉”字圆圈外还环绕有18个小圆圈,代表当时的十八个省份。把18个小圆圈围绕着“汉”字联成一体,寓意十八省人民团结起来共同为“驱逐鞑虏,恢复中华”而战斗。它带有辛亥革命那一时期鲜明的时代印记,见证了那一段波澜壮阔的民国历史!

军政府造四川铜币”发行量较大,流通时间较长,现今存世量亦较多。其各种面值中除五文、十文者外,其余三种面额版式繁多。集藏“军政府造四川铜币”,其版式的区分,一般从年号、铜质、字体大小、书写笔划及l花星纹饰等几个方面进行。1911年,辛亥革命胜利,中华民国宣告成立,结束了清王朝267年的统治。四川军政府成立之初面临财政窘迫的局面,因而迅速接管了四川成都造币厂,决定铸造“四川铜币”应急。民国元年,四川军政府命令四川成都造币厂开模制造了“四川铜币军政府造”。

民国成立后,铜元仍继续大量流通使用。1914年,铜元正式改称“铜币”,民国发行的铜币与清最大的区别是龙纹被换成了由稻穗组成的嘉禾纹。各省铸造的铜元大多为两面叉的国旗图案,并有“开国纪念币”或“中华民国铜币”字样。

 

四川造币总厂造二百文双旗币,钱币正面圆环内铸有“贰百文”字样,圈内下方为麦穗环绕,圈外上面铸写“中华民国二年”六字,下方铸写“四川造币厂造”六字,左右两侧各饰一朵四角星花纹;钱币背面中间有双旗交叉而立,旗杆系有弯曲的璎珞,双旗笔直挺立,位于珠圈内,圈外上方为英文字体“中华民国二年”,下方为“200文”英文字样。此类钱币根据其背面的旗帜图案,有直缨、曲缨之差异,此枚四川造币厂造二百文属于曲缨双旗。

双旗二百文铜元由于不是单一铸造者生产,故其版式亦相应较多。仅仅是有明显差异的版式也在数十种以上。双旗二百文铜元可按其币背交叉双旗下垂之旗缨不同而分为两大类版式,旗缨垂直下垂者,带称“直缨版”;旗缨环绕旗杆下垂者,俗称“曲缨版”。

1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。民国成立时,由于币制尚未建立,主要的造币厂,大都仍沿用前清钢模铸造钱币,以供流通需要,当时四川改铸四川铜元,有二百文、五百文一等币值。随后在颁布的“临时大总统令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”,国民政府统一币模后,原本的钱币便停止了铸造发行,因而四川造币厂贰百文铸造量少,流通时间短,极其珍贵。

民国时期的铜币是近代中国钱币中的精品,有着历史熏陶,是价值很高的革命文物,具有深远的历史纪念意义,因为我国近代时期的政治以及金融的沧桑变化都体现在一枚小小的钱币上,是考古和研究中国历史文化难得的实物,也是一种收藏鉴赏价值与使用价值并存的高级收藏品,随着它退出流通市场,在收藏界中更会越来越受藏友的喜爱。

双旗二百文直缨版又分红、黄铜质两种。其黄铜质者,铸工精美,文字规范,英文书写正确,纹饰清晰,当为民国2年(1913年)四川建币厂早期铸造品。现存世之双旗二百文铜元中,直缨版数量较少,仅占百分之一二。双旗二百文直缨版红铜质者,大多铸工粗糙,文字浮浅。英文书写大小不一。双旗二百文红铜质直缨版与黄铜质直缨版相比较,二者大相径庭。红铜质直缨版非成渝两地造币厂所铸,应无疑义。曾有人认为双旗二百文直缨版红铜质者为川陕苏维埃根据地仿铸,其用途是为了前往白区购买物资。据现在所知的材料证明,川陕苏维埃根据地正式铸造铜质货币的时间为1933年(民国22年),其早期生产工艺为手工打制。1933年10月,红军攻占达县,缴获四川军阀刘存厚的造币厂。同年11月,川陕苏维埃造币厂在通江正式成立,从此开始机铸铜质货币。

二百文是当时铸造最少也是最珍惜的。“军政府造四川铜币”发行量较大,流通时间较长,现今存世量亦较多。其各种面值中除十文、二十文者外,其余两种面额版式繁多,一百文,贰佰文发行量极少。

"Sichuan copper COINS made by military government" is a product of the revolution of 1911. In December 1911, the "chengdu mutiny" took place, and the military government of sichuan province, with Yin changheng and luo lun as the chief and deputy governors, replaced the military government of sichuan province, which was only 12 days old. At the beginning of the establishment of the new military government in sichuan was faced with a difficult financial situation. The military government quickly took over the chengdu mint in sichuan province and decided to mint "sichuan copper COINS" in case of emergency. In the first year of the republic of China (1912) in April, the chengdu mint of sichuan province, at the command of the military government of sichuan province, opened a mold to cast "sichuan copper COINS made by the military government" (also known as "han" character copper yuan).

 

 

In two years of military government made sichuan copper coin, copper coin front central bead circle inside the "sichuan copper coin" four characters, around the top and bottom, its center decorated with hibiscus pattern. Bead ring on the edge of the book "made by the military government" four words, lower edge for "when making money one hundred words", marked the value, around decorated with flower star decoration. Inside the big circle on the back of the coin is a seal character "han" with tens of horizontal and vertical stripes on the bottom. Therefore, coin collectors also call it "han" character copper yuan. The "han" circle is surrounded by 18 small circles, representing the 18 provinces of the time. The 18 small circles are united around the Chinese character "han", which means the people of the 18 provinces unite to fight for "expulsion of the manchus and restoration of China". It carries the bright times mark of that period of xinhai revolution, witnessed the history of the republic of China!

 

 

 

The military government made sichuan copper COINS "circulation is larger, the circulation time is longer, the present existence quantity is also larger. Its various denominations in addition to five, ten, the other three denominations of various formats. The layout of the collection of "sichuan copper COINS made by military government" is generally divided into several aspects, such as year number, copper quality, font size, writing stroke and l flower star decoration. In 1911, with the victory of the revolution of 1911, the republic of China was founded, ending the rule of the qing dynasty in 267 years. Faced with financial distress at the beginning of the establishment of the sichuan military government, it quickly took over the chengdu mint and decided to mint "sichuan copper COINS" for emergency. In the first year of the republic of China, the sichuan military government ordered the sichuan chengdu mint to open a mold to make "sichuan copper COINS made by the military government".

 

After the establishment of the republic of China, copper yuan continued to be used in large quantities. In 1914, the copper yuan was officially renamed "copper coin". The biggest difference between the copper COINS issued in the republic of China and the qing dynasty was that the dragon grain was replaced by the grain of grain of rice. Most of the COINS minted in the provinces feature a two-pronged national flag and the words "founding commemorative COINS" or "R.O.C. copper COINS".

 

 

 

 

Sichuan coin factory made two hundred text double flag coin, coin inside the front ring cast "two hundred text" words, the lower part of the circle for wheat around, outside the circle cast to write "two years of the republic of China" six words, the lower part of the cast to write "sichuan mint made" six words, left and right sides are decorated with a four-star pattern; On the back of the coin, there are two flags crossed and set up in the middle. The poles are set in curved wreaths. The two flags stand upright and upright in the circle of beads. This kind of coin according to its the flag design on the back, have the difference of straight tassel, qu tassel, this sichuan mint makes 200 wen to belong to qu tassel double flag.

 

Shuanqi two hundred text copper because not a single casting production, so its layout is also relatively more. There are only dozens of different formats. Double flag 200 text copper yuan can be divided into two kinds of format according to its coin back cross double flag pendant flag tassel different and, flag tassel vertical pendant, belt called "straight tassel plate"; Flag tassel pendulous around the flagpole, commonly known as "qu tassel version".

 

After the 1911 revolution, the qing emperor abdicated and the republic of China was founded. When the establishment of the republic of China, because the currency system has not been established, the main mint, most still use the former qing dynasty steel mold casting COINS, in order to supply the circulation needs, when sichuan changed to cast sichuan copper yuan, there are two hundred, five hundred, such as the value of one. Subsequently, in the "temporary presidential decree" issued to "print a new model, drum casting commemorative COINS", the national government unified the model, the original COINS will stop the casting issue, so the sichuan mint two hundred minted less, circulation time is short, extremely precious.

 

During the period of the republic of China of the coin is the high-quality goods in modern China COINS, has a history, is a revolutionary cultural relics value is very high, has the profound historical memorial significance, because of our country's modern period of political and financial vicissitudes of life changes are reflected in a small coin, archaeological and study Chinese history and culture is a rare objects, is a collection of appreciation value and use value of senior collections, as it from circulation market, in the world will be more and more popular among Tibetan friend.

 

Double flag two hundred straight tassel version and bonus, brass two. Its brass, fine casting, standard writing, English written correctly, clear decoration, when the two years of the republic of China (1913) sichuan jian coin factory early casting. Among the existing two hundred characters of the double banner, the number of the straight banner version is less, accounting for only one or two percent. Two hundred straight banner red copper plate, most of the cast rough, shallow text. English writing varies in size. Shuanqi 200wen copper straight tassel plate and brass straight tassel plate comparison, the two are widely divergent. Red copper direct version of not chengdu-chongqing mint cast, should be no doubt. It has been thought that two hundred straight banner red copper plate for sichuan shaanxi Soviet base copy cast, its use is to go to the white area to buy supplies. According to the known materials, the copper currency was formally minted in the sichuan-shaanxi Soviet base area in 1933 (in the republic of China), and its early production process was manual production. In October 1933, the red army captured daxian county and captured the mint of sichuan warlord liu cunhou. In November of the same year, the sichuan-shaanxi Soviet mint was formally established in tongjiang, from then on, the machine began to cast copper currency.

 

Two hundred text is then cast the least and most cherish. "Sichuan copper COINS made by military government" has a large circulation and a long circulation time. Except for the ten or twenty denominations, the other two denominations have various formats, with a circulation of one hundred and two hundred.

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