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明清犀角雕杯

明清犀角雕杯

  • 编  号:802302
  • 销售状态:展示   展览中 2021.08.19号后可提货
  • 库  存: 1
  • 售  价:议价
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明清犀角雕杯

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犀角本就非常的名贵,用犀角制成的器皿就更稀有珍贵了。见之于文献记载最早的犀角制品唐代敬宗所制犀角腰带。唐苏鄂在《杜阳杂编》云:“敬宗皇帝宝历元年,南昌国献玳瑁盆、浮光裘、夜明犀,夜明犀其状类通天,夜则光明,通照百步。覆缯十重,终不能掩其辉焕。上命解为腰带,每游猎,夜则不施蜡炬,有如昼日。”犀角制品,考古发掘至今未见有出土品,今之所见犀角器,多为明清及以后器具,以明代为盛。犀角器的制作,与竹木牙雕有异曲同工之妙,一般是牙匠和竹刻匠,兼做犀角雕刻,这也就是犀角雕刻和竹木、牙雕不论是风格还是题材都非常相似的原因。犀角器因受角形的限制,除以整角制成的酒杯外,尚有蛊、碗、钵、洗、盒、鼎、炉、瓶、笔山、笔架、花篮、盆景、扳指、钳件及以供欣赏用的人物、动物等雕刻。相传用犀角杯饮酒可以清热解毒,所以它便成为犀角器的主要器形。明代始见随形雕刻的犀角杯,明手有鲍天成、濮仲谦、尤通、尤侃等,其中尤通为清康熙年间人,特别善制犀角杯,人称“尤犀杯”。规格:碗口直径11.8cm,底直径,高5.3cm,重250g。

由于犀角的珍贵稀有,用来雕刻纯为实用的器具不多,因犀角有清热解毒、定惊止血的功能,工匠把犀角做成酒杯,希望犀角的药性能溶于酒中,在饮酒的同时,达到治病强身的目的,因此历史上传下来的多为犀角杯。此外由于年代久远犀角会被侵蚀,所以流传下来的犀角雕刻品少之又少,犀牛角杯于中国传统文化的版图上闪耀着。其流经千年,溶于华夏文化的血脉中,屹立于世界文化之中。

 

 

犀角较之象牙更为稀有。今天成为世界级珍稀保护动物的犀牛,其角已禁止入药,更不准雕刻艺术品。因此,明清时期所留下的犀角杯已是稀世珍宝了。

英文翻译:Rhinoceros horns are very precious, and vessels made of rhino horns are even rarer and precious. Seen in the earliest rhino horn products recorded in the literature, the rhino horn belt made by Jingzong of the Tang Dynasty. In the "Miscellaneous Compilation of Du Yang", Tang Su E said: "In the first year of Emperor Jingzong's Baoli period, Nanchang State offered tortoiseshell basins, floating fur, and night rhinoceros. The shape of the night rhinoceros is like the sky, the night is bright, and the light is 100 steps. It is so heavy that it can’t hide its radiance. The fate is broken into a belt. Every game, no wax torch is applied at night, just like day and day." Rhinoceros horn products, archaeological excavations have not seen unearthed products so far. Rhinoceros horn artifacts have been seen today. Most of them were utensils from the Ming and Qing Dynasties and later, and the Ming Dynasty was the most popular. The production of rhino horns is similar to that of bamboo and wood dental carving. Generally, toothsmiths and bamboo carvers are also engaged in rhino horn carving. This is the reason why rhino horn carving is very similar to bamboo, wood and dental carving in terms of style and subject matter. Rhinoceros horns are limited by their angular shape. In addition to wine glasses made of whole horns, there are still gu, bowls, bowls, washes, boxes, tripods, stoves, bottles, pen mountains, pen holders, flower baskets, bonsais, fingers, clamps, and Sculptures of figures and animals for appreciation. According to legend, drinking with a rhino horn cup can clear heat and detoxify, so it becomes the main shape of rhino horn. Rhinoceros horn cups were first seen in the Ming Dynasty. There are Bao Tiancheng, Pu Zhongqian, You Tong, You Kan, etc., among which Youtong was a native of the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty. He was particularly good at making rhino horn cups, known as "You Xi Cup".

  Because rhino horns are precious and rare, there are not many tools that are purely practical for carving. Because rhino horns have the functions of clearing heat, detoxifying, calming and stopping bleeding, craftsmen make rhino horns into wine glasses, hoping that the medicinal properties of rhino horns can be dissolved in wine, while drinking alcohol , To achieve the purpose of curing diseases and strengthening the body, so the history is mostly the rhino horn cup. In addition, due to the erosion of rhino horns over time, there are very few rhino horn carvings handed down. The rhino horn cup shines on the territory of traditional Chinese culture. It has flowed for thousands of years, dissolved in the blood of Chinese culture, and stood in the world culture.       Rhino horns are rarer than ivory. Today, the rhino, which has become a world-class rare and protected animal, has its horns banned from being used as medicine, not to mention carving art. Therefore, the rhino horn cup left during the Ming and Qing dynasties is already a rare treasure.

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