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刻纹铜锁

刻纹铜锁

  • 编  号:799485
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刻纹铜锁

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中文名称:刻纹铜锁

英文名称:Groove collectors'

类别:杂项

品相:

规格:高:4cm;宽:5cm

古代铜锁发展于5000年的历史长河,发展于汉代,昌盛于明清。最早的古锁是"觿",属我国最古老的钥匙雏形;"石错"、"骨错"就是锁具的雏形。铜锁型制有动物限制的铜锁,有长命锁型制的铜锁,有人物造型的铜锁、花式锁、炮筒锁、密码铜锁、文字锁按用途铜锁分挂锁、门锁、箱锁、橱锁、盒锁、抽屉锁、仓库锁。

古代铜锁的发展每个朝代都不一样,古锁具有代表性的是西周的青铜锁、汉代的三簧锁,唐代的虾尾银锁和宋代的方身锁、明代的三色锁,清代的长命锁,都是那个时代铜锁的时代特征。

近日我司有幸征集到一件清代中期的刻纹铜锁。此铜锁高4cm,宽5cm。此锁材质精纯,通体鎏金,大致呈“凹”形,长方形条状,中央横设锁梁。一面是雕刻中国结:盘长结,另一面:缠枝花纹。简单明快,古朴典型,整体巧雅。唯一不足的是缺钥匙。但整体还是具有较高的历史价值。

古锁的收藏价值由年代、材质、工艺和稀缺性四个方面所决定。首先年代。一般来讲年代越古老的藏品价值越高,但是对于古锁来讲,由于很多种原因,宋代的铁锁、明清的铜锁反而更有价值。尤其是明末清初的铜锁,不论是实用价值还是艺术水平都有极大进步,出现了很多精品锁具。第二材质。古锁按材质分为木锁、金锁、银锁、玉锁、铜锁、铁锁、石锁、景泰蓝锁等。材质越贵重,锁的价值就越高。比如说,金锁、银锁、玉锁比铜锁、铁锁、木锁的收藏价值更高。第三工艺 。中国传统锁具是手工艺制作,工艺越繁复的锁价值就越高。从技术水平上看,古锁又分平雕、透雕、镂空雕、錾花、鎏金、错金、包金、镀金、镶嵌以及制模铸造等。外表精致、雕刻逼真、花样繁复的锁具都有较高的艺术价值第四稀缺性。"物以稀为贵",古锁也不例外。那些存世量稀少的密码锁、文字锁、暗门锁、倒拉锁以及各种造型逼真的人物锁、动物锁的价值就更高。中国传统古锁中除了常见的正开、反开外,还有需两把钥匙同时开启的"鸳鸯锁",用钥匙插入机关,对锁连击三掌才开启的"三巴掌锁",还有需要四把钥匙四面齐开的机关锁,还有些是需要对上诗句的"藏诗锁"。

细节图片:

 

英文翻译:Ancient bronze locks developed in the long history of 5000 years, developed in the Han Dynasty, prosperous in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The earliest ancient lock is "Xi", our country's oldest key shape;" Stone error ", "bone error" is the prototype of the lock. Copper lock has animal limit copper lock, long life copper lock, character bronze lock, fancy lock, barrel lock, password copper lock, text lock according to the purpose of copper lock padlock, door lock, box lock, cabinet lock, box lock, drawer lock, warehouse lock.

The development of ancient bronze locks varies from dynasty to dynasty. The representative ancient locks are the bronze locks of The Western Zhou Dynasty, the three-spring locks of the Han Dynasty, the silver locks of the shrimp tail of the Tang Dynasty, the square locks of the Song Dynasty, the three-color locks of the Ming Dynasty and the Changsheng locks of the Qing Dynasty, all of which are the characteristics of that era.

Recently I had the honor to collect a mid-Qing dynasty carved copper lock. The copper lock is 4cm high and 5cm wide. This lock material is qualitative and pure, whole body gilt, show roughly "concave" form, rectangular strip, central horizontal set lock beam. On one side is a carved Chinese knot: a long knot; on the other, a twig pattern. Simple and lively, simple and unsophisticated typical, the whole elegant. The only drawback was the lack of keys. But the whole has a high historical value.

The collection value of ancient locks is determined by the age, material, technology and scarcity. The first is chronology. Generally speaking, the older the collection is, the higher the value is. However, for ancient locks, iron locks of the Song Dynasty and bronze locks of the Ming and Qing Dynasties are more valuable for many reasons. Especially at the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the bronze lock, whether it is practical value or artistic level has a great progress, a lot of high-quality lock. The second is material. The ancient lock is divided into wood lock, gold lock, silver lock, jade lock, bronze lock, iron lock, stone lock, cloisonne lock and so on. The more valuable the material, the higher the value of the lock. For example, gold, silver and jade locks are more valuable for collection than bronze, iron and wood locks. The third is technology. Chinese traditional lock is handicraft making, the more complicated the lock value is higher. From the technical level, the ancient lock is divided into flat carving, penetrating carving, hollow carving, chisel flower, gold gilding, gold plating, gilding, inlaying and mold casting. The locks with delicate appearance, vivid carving and complicated patterns are of high artistic value. The fourth is scarcity." Rare things are precious, and Ancient locks are no exception. The value of those rare combination locks, text locks, dark locks, reverse locks and all kinds of lifelike character locks, animal locks is higher. In addition to the common open and reverse locks in ancient Chinese locks, there are the "Mandarin duck lock", which requires two keys to be opened at the same time; the "three palm lock", which requires the key to be inserted into the lock and the lock can be opened only after three strokes of the key; the "four keys to be opened in all directions", and some "Tibetan poetry locks", which require verses.

 

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