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玻璃陨石

玻璃陨石

  • 编  号:783565
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玻璃陨石
古藏阁艺术
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  • 经营时间:
    2018年
  • 展厅面积:
    1500平米
  • 地  区:
    重庆-渝北
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   陨石是指来自地球以外太阳系其他天体的碎片,绝大多数来自位于火星和木星之间的小行星,在古代,人们往往把陨石当做圣物。比如,古罗马人把陨石当做神的使者,他们在陨石坠落的地方盖起钟楼来供奉。匈牙利人则把陨石抬进教堂,用链子把它锁起来,以防这个“神的礼物”飞回天上。伊斯兰教圣地麦加也有一块陨石,被视为“圣石”。在一些文明古国,还常常用陨石作为皇帝和达官贵人的陪葬。陨石作为科学研究的样本,给科研方面提供了很好的条件,是研究外太空不可或缺的主要材料。

玻璃陨石是与某种石陨石伴生的一种。英国生物学家达尔文1844在澳大利亚获得一块钮扣状玻璃质石块,以后在世界范围内这种类似玻璃质石块通称为"玻璃陨石"。它是一种天然玻璃物质。由于外观似黑曜岩,故又称似黑曜岩。但两者的成分、结构都不同。大多数玻璃陨石的形状与熔融溅射物的形状相似,有球状、细长状、哑铃状、液滴状、钮扣状和不规则的块状等。它成群地撒落在大陆上或海底沉积物中。玻璃陨石的颜色有黑、墨绿、棕褐,表层具拉长状气泡及大小不等的气泡,有的似如月球表面的环形山状图案,大陨星冲撞使地表及陨星的碎裂物很快融熔、迅速冷却结晶而成。但人类在玻璃陨石发现地及附近都没有发现陨石坑,更没有发现很大的另类陨石,因此,经现在科学研究证明,玻璃陨石是某种石陨石熔融后的产物。有球状、哑铃状、液滴状、纽扣状,最多的是不规则的块体。易碎,破裂后多具贝壳状断口。大陆上发现的玻璃陨石的大小,从几毫米至十几厘米不等,反射光下发暗,但薄的边缘透亮,并具有不同的颜色,从黄色到绿色,从橄榄褐色到暗褐色。比重一般为2.3~3.0,折光率为 1.48 ~1.62。其组成,同一区域比较一致,不同区域差异很大。虽然SiO2含量很高,但其成份含有多种金属元素,有微弱性。微玻璃陨石只在海洋沉积物中有发现。其大小大小从数毫米到约40微米以下。,与附近大陆上的玻璃陨石具有同样的年龄、组成和形状。

“玻璃陨石”极为珍贵,价格一路上涨,成为如今在古玩收藏市场里,最昂贵的石头,钻石也难以媲美,珍品玻璃陨石,它可以保持数以十亿计年份基本保持不变。科研人员可以通过研究这些陨石对早期宇宙了解更多,科研价值极高,一些发达国家必争之物,形成如今玻璃陨石疯涨局势,真正的一石千金。这颗玻璃陨石整体呈现墨黑色,不规则形状,表层具拉长状气泡及大小不等的圆形气泡,有的似如月球表面的环形山状图案,熔壳在阳光下闪耀着耀眼光芒,非常珍贵。灼烧痕迹明显,气印密集漂亮,是陨石降落过程融化的液质冷却后产物,被称为天外贵客,具有很高科研、观赏和考古价值。

英文翻译: Meteorites are debris from other celestial bodies outside the Earth's solar system. Most of them come from asteroids between Mars and Jupiter. In ancient times, meteorites were often regarded as sacred objects. For example, the ancient Romans used meteorites as messengers of gods, and they built bell towers where meteorites fell to worship them. Hungarians carried the meteorite into the church and chained it up to prevent the "gift of God" from flying back into the sky. There is also a meteorite in the Islamic holy land of Mecca, which is regarded as a "holy stone". In some ancient civilizations, meteorites were often used as burials for emperors and dignitaries. As a sample of scientific research, meteorites provide good conditions for scientific research and are indispensable materials for the study of outer space.

Glass meteorite is a kind of meteorite associated with some kind of meteorite. British biologist Darwin obtained a button-shaped glass block in Australia in 1844, which was later known worldwide as "glass meteorite". It is a natural glass substance. Because it looks like obsidian, it is also called obsidian. But their composition and structure are different. Most of the glass meteorites are spherical, slender, dumbbell-shaped, droplet-shaped, button-shaped and irregular massive. It is scattered in groups in continental or submarine sediments. The color of glass meteorite is black, dark green and brown. The surface layer has elongated bubbles and bubbles of different sizes. Some of them resemble the circular mountain pattern on the surface of the moon. The collision of large meteorites causes the surface and meteorite fragments to melt and crystallize quickly. However, no crater was found in or near the site where the glass meteorite was found, and no large alternative meteorite was found. Therefore, scientific research has now proved that the glass meteorite is the product of the melting of some kind of meteorite. There are spherical, dumbbell-shaped, droplet-shaped, button-shaped, most of which are irregular blocks. Fragile, many shell-like fracture after rupture. The size of glass meteorites found on the mainland ranges from a few millimetres to more than a dozen centimeters, darkening under reflected light, but with bright thin edges and different colors, ranging from yellow to green, from olive brown to dark brown. The specific gravity is generally 2.3-3.0 and the refractive index is 1.48-1.62. Its composition is comparatively consistent in the same region and varies greatly in different regions. Although the content of SiO 2 is very high, its composition contains many kinds of metal elements, which is weak. Microglass meteorites are found only in marine sediments. Its size ranges from several millimeters to less than 40 microns. It has the same age, composition and shape as glass meteorites from nearby continents.

"Glass meteorite" is extremely precious, and its price has been rising all the way. It has become the most expensive stone and diamond in the antique collection market nowadays. The precious glass meteorite can keep unchanged for billions of years. Researchers can learn more about the early universe by studying these meteorites. The scientific research value is very high. Some developed countries have to contend for something, which forms the situation of glass meteorites surging today, a real stone of gold. The glass meteorite is black and irregular in shape, with elongated bubbles and circular bubbles of varying sizes on the surface. Some of them resemble the circular mountain pattern on the surface of the moon. The molten crust Shing in the sunshine is very precious. The burning traces are obvious, and the air print is dense and beautiful. It is the product of the melting liquid cooling during the landing process of the meteorite. It is known as a distinguished visitor outside the sky. It has high scientific research, ornamental and archaeological value.

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