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大五帝钱

大五帝钱

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大五帝钱

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作品介绍

藏品背景:“始皇三十七年,复行钱。”由此得知,前336年与前210年,秦发行了货币。半两钱与这些记载究竟有何关系?半两钱是汉武帝发行五铢钱之 前,长时期内连续发行的重量有相当变化的一种货币。半两钱的形状为圆形方孔。钱面上重量的记载对后代货币产生了很大影响。 汉武帝收回铸币权以后,由汉武帝中央政府统一铸钱。三官五铢就是这个时候铸造的。该钱制作精美,边郭工整,重量准确,钱文秀丽,为钱中楷模。 开元通宝为唐代货币。钱币在唐代始有“通宝”。唐初沿用隋五铢,轻小淆杂。唐高祖武德四年,为整治混乱的币制,废隋钱,效仿西汉五铢的严格规范,开铸“开元通宝”,取代社会上遗存的五铢。最初的“开元通宝”由书法家欧阳询题写,面文“开元通寳”,形制仍沿用秦方孔圆钱,规定每十文重一两,每一文的重量称为一钱,而一千文则重六斤四两。 宋元通宝是宋代的第一种铸钱,铸于宋太祖建隆元年960年,钱式沿袭“周元通宝”成规,为小平钱。钱文对读,是国号加宝文的国号钱。后宋太祖传位于弟宋太宗赵光义即位,于太平兴国年间(976—983)年铸“太平通宝”钱,钱式同“宋元通宝”。 永乐通宝是大明王朝于永乐年间铸造的年号钱。明初推行纸钞为主的货币流通制度,使用大明通行宝钞,铜钱铸禁无常。朱棣即位后,在政治、经济、文化、军事和外交等方面都有重大的改革举措。外交政策上,朱棣一反明初闭关政策,实行“怀柔远人”的对外开放政策。出于外交和对外贸易的需要,永乐六年(1408年)开铸永乐通宝钱,永乐九年又差官于浙江、江西、广东、福建四布政司铸永乐通宝钱,用于对外贸易和赏赐。 藏品精析:民间约定俗成的称谓,指历史上五个时期发行的铜钱,秦朝的半两钱、汉代的五铢钱、唐朝的开元通宝、宋朝的宋元通宝和明朝的永乐通宝,它们流经千年时光,经万人手,流传后世。大五帝钱材质为青铜,最久的秦始皇半两距今逾2200多年,永乐通宝距今时间也有600多年,距今年代久远。除了普通古钱所有的功用,大五帝钱有着更加厚重的历史灵气。古代民间,一直有用古钱币驱邪的习俗。史载,将方孔通宝钱,以红线悬于颈间,取铜钱历经万人手之实,汇集百家之阳气,可抵御邪祟鬼魂。用古钱驱邪的习俗由来已久,大五帝钱和普通古钱相比,具有更强大的作用。具体到“五帝钱”的概念,从名词出现的先后顺序看,先有小五帝钱,后有大五帝钱。由于清代铜钱易得,先是小五帝钱概念在民间逐渐孕育成形,即清朝顺治、康熙、雍正、乾隆、嘉庆五个皇帝的铜钱。随后大五帝钱的概念逐渐走热,即秦半两、汉五铢、开元通宝、宋元通宝和永乐通宝,老百姓认为它们有着风水功能,有挡煞、防小人、避邪,旺财之功效。相比小五帝钱而言,大五帝存世量更为稀少,集齐大五帝钱更为困难,价值连城,及其珍贵难得。 Collection background: "in the thirty seventh year of the first emperor, the money was returned." It can be seen that Qin issued coins in 336 and 210 years ago. What is the relationship between half Liang Qian and these records? Half Liang Qian is a kind of currency with considerable changes in the weight of successive issues in a long period before emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty issued five baht coins. The shape of half two coins is round square hole. The record of the weight of money has a great influence on the currency of future generationsAfter Emperor Hanwu regained the right of coinage, the central government of Emperor Hanwu unified the coinage. This is the time when the three senses and five baht were forged. The money is exquisitely made, with neat borders, accurate weight, and elegant culture. It is a model in money. Kaiyuan Tongbao was the currency of Tang Dynasty. Coins began to have "Tongbao" in Tang Dynasty. At the beginning of Tang Dynasty, the Sui and five baht were used, which was light and confusing. In the four years of Wude reign of Gaozu in Tang Dynasty, in order to rectify the disordered currency system, sui qian was abolished, and the strict norms of the five Bahts in the Western Han Dynasty were followed. Kaiyuan Tongbao was created to replace the five Bahts left in the society. The original "Kaiyuan Tongbao" was written by Ouyang Xun, a calligrapher, with the inscription "Kaiyuan Tongyi" on the face. The shape of the coin is still the same as that of Kong yuan in the Qin Dynasty. It is stipulated that every ten Wen should weigh one or two, and the weight of each Wen is called one coin, while a thousand Wen should weigh six Jin and four Liang. Tongbao in song and Yuan Dynasties is the first type of coin casting in Song Dynasty. It was cast in 960, the first year of Jianlong, Emperor Taizu of Song Dynasty. Qian Wendui is the name of the country plus Baowen. Later, Emperor Taizu of Song Dynasty passed on the throne of Zhao Guangyi, the younger brother of Emperor Taizong of Song Dynasty. In the year of Taiping Xingguo (976-983), he cast the money of "Taiping Tongbao". The style of the money is the same as that of "Songyuan Tongbao". Yongle Tongbao is the year number money that was cast in the reign of Yongle by the Ming Dynasty. At the beginning of Ming Dynasty, the currency circulation system dominated by paper money was carried out, and the use of Ming Dynasty's prevailing treasure money was prohibited. After Zhu Di's accession to the throne, he has made major reforms in politics, economy, culture, military affairs and diplomacy. In terms of foreign policy, Zhu Di opposed the policy of closing the customs in the early Ming Dynasty and carried out the policy of opening up to the outside world. For the needs of diplomacy and foreign trade, in 1408, Yongle began to cast Yongle Tongbao money. In the ninth year, Yongle sent officials to Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong and Fujian to cast Yongle Tongbao money for foreign trade and reward. Fine analysis of collections: the folk conventional appellation refers to the copper coins issued in five periods in history, the half Liang coins in Qin Dynasty, the five baht coins in Han Dynasty, the Kaiyuan Tongbao in Tang Dynasty, the Song Yuan Tongbao in Song Dynasty and the Yongle Tongbao in Ming Dynasty. They have passed through thousands of years, passed through thousands of people, and passed down to later generations. The five emperors' coins are made of bronze. The oldest Qin Shihuang half Liang is more than 2200 years old, and Yongle Tongbao is more than 600 years old. In addition to all the functions of ordinary ancient money, the big five emperors' money has a more profound historical aura. Ancient folk, has been used to exorcise the custom of ancient coins. According to history, Fang Kong Tong Bao's money was hung around his neck with a red line, and the copper money was collected through thousands of hands to gather the Yang of hundreds of families, which can resist the evil spirits. The custom of exorcising evil with ancient money has a long history. Compared with ordinary ancient money, the big five emperors' money has a more powerful role. As for the concept of "Five Emperors' money", in terms of the order in which the nouns appear, there are first small five emperors' money and then big five emperors' money. Because of the easy access to copper money in Qing Dynasty, the concept of small five emperors' money was gradually gestated and formed in the folk, that is, the copper money of Shunzhi, Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong and Jiaqing emperors in Qing Dynasty. Later, the concept of "big five emperor Qian" gradually became popular, that is, Qin banliang, Han wuzhu, Kaiyuan Tongbao, Song Yuan Tongbao and Yongle Tongbao. The common people thought that they had the function of fengshui, and had the effect of blocking evil spirits, preventing villains, avoiding evil spirits and flourishing wealth. Compared with the small five emperors' money, the big five emperors' money is more scarce, and it is more difficult to collect the Qi Big Five Emperors' money, which is valuable and rare.

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