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明成化斗彩花卉盘

明成化斗彩花卉盘

  • 编  号:790682
  • 销售状态:待售(不可在线交易)  
  • 库  存: 1
  • 售  价:议价
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明成化斗彩花卉盘

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  • 经营时间:
    2年
  • 展厅面积:
    618平米
  • 地  区:
    重庆-渝北
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藏品精析:从文献记载看,成华皇帝对瓷器烧造颇感兴趣。成化十五年和二十一年,有关官吏曾分别因灾异和耗费巨大而建议皇上下令停止或暂停瓷器烧造,但成化皇帝均未立即下令停止。这从一个侧面反映出成华皇帝对瓷器烧造的浓厚兴趣和成化御窑烧造瓷器的数量应相当可观。 其次,成华斗彩瓷器成就的取得与宪宗皇帝自身的艺术修养和爱好亦密切相关。据史料记载,宪宗皇帝雅好艺术,舞文弄墨擅长丹青。朱见深自幼习字,并受到名师指教。即皇帝位后,常将所书诗赋赐予大臣。从遗留下来的书法实物看,朱见深一生书风变化不大,主要受到沈度台阁体书法影响,给人以工整端庄、秀润清劲之美感。 在绘画艺术方面,明代帝王中,朱见深所取得的成就堪称仅次于其祖父明宣宗朱瞻基。朱见深绘画题材涉猎较多,人物、花鸟、走兽等无所不能,其中以人物画为主,尤其受人称道。另外,此时画院兴盛,许多职业画家应诏入宫,他们以精湛的绘画技艺而博得皇家青睐。 成化斗彩瓷器的装饰题材很广泛,不同的器物均配以得体的纹样,显得和谐优美、相得益彰。据不完全统计,装饰题材有龙(包括海水云龙、升降云龙、应龙、香草龙、瓜地行龙等)、天马、海怪、莲池鸳鸯、子母鸡、果树小鸟、蜜蜂、蝴蝶、高士、婴戏、菊花、莲花、宝相花、牡丹、月季、洞石、四季瑞果、翠竹、癞瓜、蔓草、灵芝、三秋小景、落花流水、锦盒瓜果、莲托八吉祥、莲托梵文、五供养等。纹样的组织形式富于变化,仅表现花卉就有折枝、缠枝、团状、开光等多种形式。图案布局疏密有致,以虚托实,动静结合。其构图法则除规矩工整的二方连续、四方连续以外,也有自然随意的写实性构图。 该件瓷器所使用的色彩亦很丰富,彩色多透明鲜亮。所用的青花料为国产的平等青料,呈色幽倩淡雅。各种釉上彩亦具时代特点。红彩鲜艳而不浮躁,在纹饰中显得格外醒目。在彩绘技法上,为适合纤巧的形体和白玉般的瓷质,所绘线条纤柔流畅,填彩率意,颜色搭配协调,颇合法度胎体轻薄,胎质洁白细腻,釉色青白或乳白,釉质莹润如脂,釉面就像抹了一层油一样,釉面没有橘皮纹。彩料调配纯净,绘画技艺高超,彩色润而不躁,柔和悦目。成型工艺精湛,器物表里处理精致如一。其总体风格是轻盈秀丽,恬淡雅致,精巧可人,尽显柔性之美,摩挲把玩使人爱不释手,玩赏性大于实用性。盘内所饰斗彩花卉笔法秀逸,风格明快清新;造型及圈足工艺富有时代特征。可谓是明代成化时期民窑釉上彩绘的精品之作,极具收藏价值。 Collection analysis: according to the literature, Emperor Chenghua was very interested in porcelain making. In the 15th and 21st years of Chenghua, some officials suggested the emperor to stop or suspend the firing of porcelain because of the disaster and huge cost, but the emperor did not immediately stop. This reflects the great interest of emperor Chenghua in porcelain making and the considerable quantity of porcelain made in Chenghua imperial kiln. Secondly, the achievement of Chenghua doucai porcelain is closely related to Emperor Xianzong's own artistic accomplishment and hobbies. According to historical records, Emperor Xianzong was elegant and good at art, and he was good at painting. Zhu Jianshen learned to write Chinese characters when he was young and was instructed by a famous teacher. That is to say, after the emperor took office, he often gave his poems and Fu to his ministers. From the left calligraphy objects, Zhu Jianshen's calligraphy style has not changed much in his whole life. It is mainly influenced by the calligraphy of shendutai Pavilion, which gives people a sense of beauty of neat and dignified, beautiful and moist. In the aspect of painting art, among the emperors of Ming Dynasty, Zhu Jianshen's achievements are second only to his grandfather Zhu Zhanji, the Emperor Xuanzong of Ming Dynasty. Zhu Jianshen's paintings involve many subjects, including figures, flowers and birds, animals and so on. Among them, figure painting is the main one, especially praised by people. In addition, at this time, the painting academy flourished, and many professional painters entered the palace at the imperial edict. They won the Royal favor with their exquisite painting skills. The decorative themes of Chenghua doucai porcelain are very wide. Different implements are matched with appropriate patterns, which are harmonious, beautiful and complement each other. According to incomplete statistics, the decorative themes include Dragon (including sea water cloud dragon, ascending cloud dragon, Yinglong, vanilla dragon, melon and land traveling dragon, etc.), Tianma, sea monster, lotus pond mandarin duck, son hen, fruit tree bird, bee, butterfly, Gao Shi, baby play, chrysanthemum, lotus flower, baoxianghua, peony, rose, Dongshi, four seasons ruiguo, Cuizhu, manggua, vine grass, Ganoderma lucidum, three autumn scenery, falling flower flow Water, brocade box fruits, lotus eight auspicious, lotus Sanskrit, five sustenance, etc. The organization form of the pattern is rich in variety, and the flowers can be divided into twigs, twigs, clumps and blooms. The layout of the pattern is dense, with the combination of movement and stillness. In addition to the regular and neat two-way continuity and four-way continuity, there are also natural and random realistic composition. The color used in the porcelain is also very rich. The color is transparent and bright. The blue and white materials used are equal green materials made in China, which are quiet and elegant in color. All kinds of glaze colors also have the characteristics of the times. The red color is bright but not impetuous, which is particularly striking in the decoration. In terms of color painting techniques, in order to adapt to the delicate shape and white jade like porcelain, the painted lines are soft and smooth, the color filling rate is high, the color matching is harmonious, quite in line with the law, the fetal body is light, the fetal body is white and delicate, the glaze is blue white or milky white, the glaze is bright and lustrous like grease, the glaze is like a layer of oil, and there is no orange peel on the glaze. The color material is pure, the painting skill is superb, the color is moist but not impetuous, soft and pleasing to the eyes. The molding process is exquisite, and the surface and interior processing of utensils are exquisite. Its overall style is light and beautiful, gentle and elegant, exquisite and human, showing the beauty of flexibility. People can't let go of it when they touch it, and its enjoyment is greater than its practicability. The fighting color flowers decorated in the pan are elegant in writing, bright and fresh in style, and the modeling and foot encircling technology are full of the charact

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