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奉天省光绪元宝

奉天省光绪元宝

  • 编  号:789481
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奉天省光绪元宝

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奉天光绪元宝癸卯库平银一两银元,俗称“奉天一两”,因未发行,属试铸样币。清朝早期的一两银元是45毫米版本,后期的为43毫米版本,两种版式银币正面文字风格有明显差异,背面龙图及英文相近。版本转换时间应在1903之后,我们知道众多的珍稀银元都是在1903~1908年之间,也就是光绪末年。 奉天省造币厂是目前我国历史最悠久的造币厂,主要生产流通硬币、金银纪念币等。据记载,光绪二十二年,根据盛京将军依克唐阿的奏请,批准设立并筹建奉天机器局以铸造机制银币,从德国进口锅炉和以蒸汽机为动力的铸币机器,于光绪二十三年(1897年)奉天机器局正式建成。 光绪二十二年(1896),奉天机器局银元铸造厂成立,次年试铸,光绪二十五年(1899),清政府以铸局太多,铸造参差为由下令停铸,光绪二十九年(1903),又允准开铸银元,同时还铸造了一枚奉天一两孤品样币,其后湖北、广东、吉林、陕西以及户部、北洋均铸造过一两银元,有的还参与流通,但因换算不便而流通不畅,其时朝廷内部出现为银元单位问题的争论,即所谓“两、元”之争,最终清政府考虑到习惯与使用,颁布《厘订国币则例》,正式定国币单位为“元”,而前铸“一两”面值的银币反成了绝品,由于历史原因,顶尖的样币珍品多数流出国门。 此枚钱币铸工精湛,包浆老厚,品相精美,整体图案及字体非常工整,钱币正面珠圈内汉文“光绪元宝”四个字,上镌“奉天省造”四字,下面镌“库平银一两”五字,左右镌“癸卯”二字(1903年为癸卯年),字体俊秀舍不得动刀刻塑;钱背上下环英文,正中央为蟠龙图,眼神灵异炯炯有神,龙鳞雕刻细密有致,腾云驾雾,身姿遒劲有力,龙爪张扬,神武有力,蟠龙鬓毛、龙鳞清晰可见,有呼之欲出之态,非常精细,压力位足。钱币平整光滑,表面的包浆醇厚,镜面平整光滑,字口、纹路和边齿深峻,图案浮雕感强烈,纹饰的相惯线非常清晰,不失为一件珍品。 奉天一两当时只铸了极少的样币,没公开流通于世,以至于现在成了举世罕见的大珍品,在民国时便被誉为“传说中的钱币”,位居十大机制币之首。 珍贵的光绪元宝钱币记录着清朝惊天动地的历史,也是清朝满汉文化的产物,凸显出一定的历史文物价值。而其本身材质珍贵,制作精美,图案考究,文字清秀,内容丰富,也让它具有很高的艺术观赏价值和一定的保值、升值功能。至今,历经百年风雨的光绪元宝存世量很有限,尤其品相好的更为稀缺,因此很受藏家们的青睐 Fengtian Guangxu Yuan Baogu Kuping silver one or two silver dollars, commonly known as "Fengtian one or two", because it is not issued, is a trial coin. In the early Qing Dynasty, one or two silver coins were 45mm edition, and in the later period, 43mm edition. There were obvious differences in the positive writing style of the two editions of silver coins, with similar dragon charts on the back and English. Version conversion time should be after 1903, we know that many rare silver yuan are between 1903 and 1908, that is, the end of Guangxu. Fengtian Mint is the oldest Mint in China. It mainly produces circulating coins, gold and silver commemorative coins, etc. According to records, in the 22nd year of Guangxu, according to the request of General Yike Tanga of Shengjing, Fengtian Machinery Bureau was approved to set up and prepare for the foundry of silver coins. Boilers and coin machines powered by steam engines were imported from Germany, and were formally completed in Fengtian Machinery Bureau in the 23rd year of Guangxu (1897). Guangxu 22 years (1896), Fengtian Machinery Bureau Yinyuan Foundry was established, the next year trial casting, Guangxu 25 years (1899), the Qing government to cast too many bureaus, casting for the reasons of uneven order to stop casting, Guangxu 29 years (1903), and allowed to start casting silver yuan, but also cast a Fengtian one or two orphan sample coins, then Hubei, Guangdong, Jilin, Shaanxi and Hubu, Beiyang are cast. After making one or two silver dollars, some of them also participated in the circulation, but because of the inconvenience of conversion, the circulation was not smooth. At that time, there was a controversy about the so-called "two yuan" unit in the court. In the end, the Qing government, considering the habits and use, promulgated the Regulations on the Establishment of National Currency, formally fixing the unit of national currency as "yuan", while the former silver coin with "one or two" denominations became the best product because of the history. The reason is that most of the top sample coin treasures go abroad. This coin is exquisite in minting, thick in pulp, exquisite in appearance, neat in overall design and font. It has four characters of "Guangxu Yuanbao" in Chinese in bead circle on the front, four words of "Fengtian Province", five words of "Kuping Yin One or two" on the bottom, and two words of "Kuping Yin Mao" on the left and right (1903 is the year of Mao). The font is handsome and beautiful, and the engraving is reluctant to move the knife. Longtu, the eye is exquisite, the dragon scale carving is fine and delicate, the cloud drives mist, the body is strong, the dragon claw is open, the God is powerful, the dragon's hair, the dragon scale is clearly visible, there is a desire to breathe out, very fine, pressure enough. The coin is smooth and smooth, the surface is mellow and smooth, the mirror surface is smooth and smooth, the word mouth, lines and edge teeth are deep, the relief of the design is strong, the line of inertia of the decoration is very clear, which is a treasure. At that time, Fengtian One or two coins were minted with very few sample coins, which did not circulate publicly in the world, so that they have now become a rare treasure in the world. They were called "legendary coins" in the Republic of China and ranked first among the top ten machine-made coins. The precious Guangxu Yuanbao coins record the earth-shaking history of the Qing Dynasty, and are also the product of Manchu and Han culture of the Qing Dynasty, highlighting the value of certain historical relics. Its precious material, exquisite production, elegant design, elegant writing, rich content, also makes it have a high artistic value and a certain value-preserving, appreciation function. Up to now, after a hundred years of storms, the stock of Guangxu Yuanbao is very limited, especially the better quality is more scarce, so it is very popular with collectors.

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