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乾隆紫砂壶

乾隆紫砂壶

  • 编  号:506196
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乾隆紫砂壶

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  • 经营时间:
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长11x宽9X高8cm

在民间,乾隆朝壶艺风格也是异彩纷呈,尤其在壶体装饰上,采用粉彩、炉钧釉、泥绘等,更是别具一格,一方面为了外销,另一方面为了迎合富商、市民的需求,追求艳丽。在今天看来,这些作品也都体现出了乾隆朝的典型特征,为收藏家所珍惜。

 In the folk, Qianlong pot art style is colorful, especially in the decoration on the kettle body, the furnace Jun glaze, pastel, mud painting, is a hand in order to have a unique style, export, on the other hand, the public needs to cater to the merchant, the pursuit of gorgeous. In today's view, these works are also reflected in the typical features of the Qianlong Dynasty, collectors cherish. 

紫砂壶进入宫廷,是清康熙朝中晚期的事,由于康熙帝对珐琅彩情有独钟,才使此时的紫砂壶表面披上了华丽的珐琅彩外衣。

 Purple sand pot into the court, is the Qing Dynasty Kangxi late in the matter, because emperor Kangxi has a unique color of the enamel, so that at this time the surface of the purple clay pot covered with gorgeous enamel coat. 

雍正朝时,清宫内务造办处的档案亦有记载:“雍正十年十一月十一日,司库常保,首须萨木哈来说,太监沧州交宜兴紫砂壶四件,外画洋金花纹。传旨,此壶画的款式略蠢些,收小些做好样呈览。”

 Yong Zheng Dynasty, the palace of the Qing Dynasty to do the office of the archives are also recorded: "ten years in November 11th, the treasurer Chang Bao, first of all, to Kazakhstan, the eunuch Cangzhou Yixing purple sand pot of the four, the painting of foreign gold pattern. For this, pot painting styles slightly stupid, do good is laid down." 

在乾隆朝档案中,亦有将紫砂壶作为贡品的记载:“乾隆二十三年十月五日,紫砂织造送到宜兴壶四件。”

 In the Qianlong archives, there will be the teapot as a tribute record: "twenty-three years of Qianlong October 5th, Yixing Yixing style to weaving four." 

上述记载,不难看出清初紫砂壶在宫中颇受青睐。

 The above records, it is not difficult to see the early Qing Dynasty teapot in the palace popular. 

然而,地方上进贡的紫砂茗壶,远远满足不了乾隆帝奢华生活的需求,他也仿效康熙帝命内务府造办处制作一种在紫砂胎上加饰金彩的壶。这就是清乾隆金彩山水诗句紫砂壶。这些壶,底款多为“乾隆御制”、“乾隆年制”。

 However, the local tribute Yixing tea pot, can not meet the demand of luxurious life of Emperor Qianlong, he also follow the emperor Kangxi ordered the Imperial Palace office made a plus gold color in Yixing tire pot. This is the Qing Emperor Qianlong color landscape poem teapot. The pot at the end of paragraph is "emperor", "Qianlong year". 

上海博物馆藏一御制诗壶,壶肩、壶身均有铭,此壶装饰方法有多种,有印花、贴花、泥绘线描、刻、雕塑等手法,制作工整、精细。底印款:“大清乾隆年制”。

 Shanghai museum is a imperial poetry pot, pot, the pot body has shoulder Ming, this pot has a variety of decorative methods, printing, decals, mud painting line drawing, carving, sculpture and other techniques, make neat, fine. At the end of India section: "in the year of qianlong". 

此类壶,少见后人仿制。乾隆御制壶,壶上阳文多为模具印出,今人所仿阳文,大多为泥浆描绘堆出,质地较松散,工艺达不到乾隆朝的水平。另一方面,新仿烧成后阳文色彩与壶体色彩有些变化,故两者区别较大。

 This kind of pot, rare posterity imitation. Qianlong emperor Yang Wen pot pot, many people die out, like Yang, mostly depicting mud pile, texture is loose, the process is not up to the level of qianlong. On the other hand, the new copy after firing and the pot body color color embossed some changes, so the difference is large. 

紫砂壶(2张) 紫砂壶烧制的原料为泥土,紫砂壶泥分为三种:紫泥、绿泥和红泥。可以烧制紫砂壶的泥一般深藏于岩石层下且,泥层厚度从几十厘米至一米不等。根据上海硅酸盐研究所有关岩相的分析表明,紫砂黄泥属高岭—石英—云母类型,含铁量很高,最高含铁量达8.83%。紫砂壶在高氧高温状况下烧制而成,一般采用平焰火接触,烧制温度在1100-1200℃之间。紫砂壶成品的吸水率大于2%。紫砂壶的泥原料,为紫泥、绿泥和红泥三种,俗称“富贵土”。因其产自江苏宜兴,故称宜兴紫砂。

 The teapot teapot (2) firing the raw material into the soil, the teapot mud is divided into three types: Purple mud, green mud and red mud. Can be baked purple clay pot is generally hidden in the rock layer, and the thickness of the mud from dozens of centimeters to one meter. According to the analysis of the lithofacies of the Shanghai Silicate Research Institute, it is indicated that the type of quartz, kaolinite, quartz, mica, iron content is very high, the highest iron content is 8.83%. The purple sand pot is fired in the condition of high oxygen and high temperature, generally adopts the flat flame contact, and the firing temperature is between 1100-1200 DEG C. The water absorption rate of the finished products is more than 2%. The teapot mud as raw material, purple mud, green mud and red mud three, commonly known as "rich soil". Because of its production in Jiangsu, Yixing, said Yixing purple sand. 

 

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陆芳62017-03-21 19:30:32
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